MAKALAH PAST FUTURE

INTRODUCTION BAB I PENDAHULUAN A. Background English is the international language. By mastering the English language well, then we will be able to communicate with other nations in the world. In addition, we will be able to add insight and knowledge for the betterment of our nation and our country, because we will be able to read English literature, listening to radio broadcasts overseas, as well watch as films other science. Thus, in the end we can master the knowledge in all fields. A. Latar Belakang Bahasa Inggris adalah bahasa Internasional. Dengan menguasai bahasa Inggris dengan baik, maka kita akan dapat berkomunikasi dengan bangsa-bangsa lain di dunia ini. Di samping itu, kita pun akan dapat menambah wawasan dan ilmu pengetahuan kita demi kemajuan bangsa dan negara kita, karena kita akan dapat membaca literatur-literatur bahasa Inggris, mendengarkan siaran-siaran radio luar negeri, serta menonton film-film ilmu pengetahuan yang lainnya. Dengan demikian, pada akhirnya kita dapat menguasai pengetahuan di segala bidang. B. Identify the Problem In this paper we will discuss about the definition Perfect Tense, formulas and examples. B. Identifikasi Masalah Dalam tulisan ini kami akan membahas tentang pengertian past future, rumus dan contohnya. C. Destinasion In general, the discussion was conducted aimed to determine the level of our understanding of the patterns of English sentences by using the PAST FUTURE. CHAPTER II DISCUSSION BAB II PEMBAHASAN A. Understanding the Past Future Tense Past future tense or "future in the past" is a verb form to discuss the future from the perspective of the past . More specifically , this form is used to declare an act to be done , either voluntarily or planned , make predictions , and make an appointment in the future at the time was past . Past future tense is often used in reported speech. A. Pengertian Past Future Tense Past future tense atau “ Future in the Past” adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja untuk membicarakan masa depan dari perspektif masa lalu. Lebih spesifik, bentuk ini digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu aksi yang akan dilakukan, baik secara sukarela maupun yang direncanakan, membuat prediksi, dan membuat janji di masa depan pada saat berada di masa lalu. Past future tense sering digunakan pada reported speech. Past Future Tense formula Past future tense is formed from the capital "would " and the bare infinitive ( base form of verb ) or formed from the auxiliary verb "be " ( was , were ) , present participle "going " , and infinitive What is the infinitive ? Bare infinitive infinitive is preceded or without the first preposition " to " .Thus the formula for the past future tense sentences positive , negative , and interrogative is as follows . Rumus Past future Tense Past future tense dibentuk dari modal “would” dan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) atau dibentuk dari auxiliary verb “be” (was, were), present participle “going” dan infinitive. Infinitive merupakan bare infinitive yang diawali atau tanpa diawali preposition “to”.Dengan demikian rumus past future tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut. Jenis Kalimat Rumus Past Future Tense Contoh Past Future Tense positif (+) S + would + bare infinitive S + was/were + going to + bare infinitive He would forgive you. Lia was going to give two beautiful scarfs to her friend. negatif (-) S + would + not + bare infinitive S + was/were + not + going to + bare infinitive He wouldn’t forgive you. Lia wasn’t going to give two beautiful scarfs to her friend. interogatif (?) Would + S + bare infinitive? Was/were + S + going to + bare infinitive ? Would he forgive you? Was Lia going to give two beautiful scarfs to her friend? Example of past future tense Some functions and example sentence with the past future tense functions are as follows. Contoh past future tense Beberapa fungsi dan contoh kalimat past future tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut. Fungsi Contoh Kalimat Past Future Tense Past future tense untuk menyatakan suatu aksi yang akan dilakukan secara sukarela (would). I knew you would prepare all the things for the meeting. (Saya tau kamu akan mempersiapkan segala hal untuk pertemuan tersebut.) Past future tense untuk menyatakan aksi yang direncanakan (was/were going to). They told that they were going to visit Lombok. (Mereka mengatakan bahwa mereka akan mengunjungi Lombok.) I thought she was going to enroll the course. (Saya pikir dia akan mendaftar kursus tersebut.) Past future tense untuk dapat digunakan untuk membuat janji (would). My uncle told me that he would come on time. (Paman saya mengatakan pada saya bahwa dia akan datang tepat waktu.) She promised she would give me a box of banana cake. (Dia berjanji dia akan memberi saya sekotak bolu pisang.) Past future tense untuk dapat digunakan untuk membuat prediksi (would & was/were going to). My father had a strong feeling that the weather would be warm. (Ayah saya punya perasaan kuat bahwa cuaca akan hangat.) I thought that the authorities were going to investigate all allegations of fraud. (Saya pikir otoritas itu akan menyelidiki semua dugaan penipuan.)   B. Understanding Past Future Perfect Tense Past future perfect tense is a verb form to discuss activities that would have been done in the past . This form is commonly used in the main clause of a conditional sentence . English Past Tense Future Perfect Tense has similarities with the pattern of regular Future Perfect Tense , Past difference is only in its course . B. pengertian Past Future Perfect Tense Past future perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja untuk membicarakan aktivitas yang akan telah dilakukan di masa lalu. Bentuk ini biasa digunakan pada main clause dari kalimat pengadaian. Tense Bahasa Inggris Past Future Perfect Tense mempunyai persamaan pola dengan Future Perfect tense biasa, perbedaannya hanya pada Past nya saja. Formula Past Future Perfect Tense Past future perfect tense is formed with the auxiliary verb and would or should have , and the past participle ( verb - 3 ) . Have used both for singular and plural subject . While past participle can be either regular or irregular verb . Thus the formula for the past future perfect tense sentences positive , negative , and interrogative is as follows . Rumus Past Future Prefect Tense Past future perfect tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb would atau should dan have, dan past participle (verb-3). Have digunakan baik untuk singular maupun plural subject. Sedangkan past participle dapat berupa irregular maupun regular verb. Dengan demikian rumus past future perfect tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut. Jenis Kalimat Rumus Contoh Past Future Perfect Tense positif (+) S + would/should + have + V-3/past participle I/you/she/he/it would have worked They/we would have been negatif (-) S + would/should + not + have + V-3/past participle I/you/she/he/it wouldn’t have worked They/we wouldn’t have been interogatif (?) Would/should + S + have + V-3/past participle Would I/you/she/he/it have worked Would they/we have been Examples Past Future Perfect Tense Some examples of past future perfect tense sentences with their functions are as follows . Contoh Past Future Perfect Tense Beberapa contoh kalimat past future perfect tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut. Fungsi Contoh Kalimat Past Future Perfect Tense Past future perfect tense untuk menunjukkan bahwa suatu aksi diperkirakan akan telah selesai pada suatu waktu di masa lampau. Pada kasus ini, would have merupakan versi “past” dari future perfect tense will have. I thought you would have slept by the time I arrived. (Saya pikir kamu akan sudah tidur pada saat saya tiba.) Before taking a leave of absence yesterday, he would completed his work for the client. He would have submitted it two days ago. (Sebelum mengambil cuti kemarin, dia akan telah merampungkan pekerjaannya untuk klien tersebut. Dia akan telah mengirimkannya dua hari lalu.) Past future perfect tense digunakan pada conditional sentence type 3 (kalimat pengandaian) untuk membicarakan sesuatu yang tidak terjadi. If you had saved your jewelry and foreign currency in a safety deposit box, they wouldn’t have gone. (Jika kamu telah menyimpan perhiasan dan mata uang asingmu di safety deposit box, mereka tidak akan hilang.) Contoh Kalimat Bahasa Inggris Past Future Perfect Tense 1. They would have succeeded if they had worked hard (Mereka akan sudah berhasil seandainya mereka telah bekerja keras) 2. You would have seen John if you had come earlier (Kamu akan sudah melihat John jika kamu tadi datang lebih awal) 3. I should have got the information if I had given him some money (Saya akan sudah mendapatkan informasi itu jika tadi memberinya sedikit uang) 4. We should have reached the island if the boat hadn’t got a trouble (Kami akan sudah mencapai pulau itu jika perahu tidak mendapat masalah) 5. Tom would have finished his work if he had got help (Tom akan sudah menyelesaikan pekerjaan itu jika dia telah mendapat bantuan) 6. They would have got married if their parents had permitted (Mereka akan sudah menikah jika orang tua mereka telah mengijinkan) 7. Bob would have passed the test if he had studied well (Bob akan telah lulus tes itu jika dia telah belajar dengan baik) 8. Our team would have won the match if they had played better 9. She would have finished her study last year 10. I should have finished reading this magazine yesterday 11. Anna would have finished her college two years ago (Tim kita akan sudah memenangkan pertandingan jika telah bermain lebih baik) (Dia seharusnya telah menyelasaikan pelajarannya tahun lalu) ( saya harus selesai membaca majalah ini kemarin) (Anna seharusnya telah selesai kuliah dua tahun yang lalu) C. Understanding Future Past Continuous Tense Past future continuous tense is a verb form to discuss what is being done will be in the future when it was in the past . Such as the future continuous tense , this form to make plans or predictions and tend to call a specific time . C. Pengertian Past Future Continuous Tense Past future continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja untuk membicarakan apa yang akan sedang dilakukan di masa depan ketika berada di masa lalu. Seperti future continuous tense, bentuk ini untuk membuat rencana atau prediksi serta cenderung menyebut waktu yang spesifik. Formula of Future Past Continuous Tense Futures Past continuous tense is formed with the auxiliary verb and would or should be , and the present participle ( - ing form) . In general, future continuous tense is generally only occurs in the form of dynamic action verb , not stative verb because generally only verb that has a dynamic continuous form . [ Read : Stative Verb with Progressive Forms ] Thus the formula past continuous tense for future positive sentence , negative , and interrogative is as follows . Rumus Past Future Continuous Tense Past future continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb would atau should dan be, dan present participle (-ing form). Secara umum future continuous tense umumnya hanya terjadi pada aksi berupa dynamic verb, tidak stative verb karena umumnya hanya dynamic verb yang memiliki bentuk continuous. [Baca: Stative Verb dengan Bentuk Progressive] Dengan demikian rumus past future continuous tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut. Jenis Kalimat Rumus Contoh Past Future Continuous Tense positif (+) S + would/should be + V1-ing/present participle I/you/she/he/it would be working They/we would be studying negatif (-) S + would/should + not + be + V1-ing/present participle I/you/she/he/it wouldn’t be working They/we wouldn’t be studying interogatif (?) Would/should + S + be + V1-ing/present participle Would I/you/she/he/it be working Would they/we be studying Examples of Future Past Continuous Tense Some examples of past future continuous tense sentences with their functions are as follows . Contoh Past Future Continuous Tense Beberapa contoh kalimat past future continuous tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut. Fungsi Contoh Kalimat Past Future Continuous Tense Past future continuous tense untuk membicarakan aksi yang direncanakan akan sedang berlangsung di masa lalu Wira told me that he would be attending the conference at 9 o’clock this morning. (Wira mengatakan pada saya bahwa dia akan sedang menghadiri konferensi pukul 9 pagi ini.) He would be preparing soil samples by 8 a.m for testing in the laboratory. (Dia akan sedang mempersiapkan sampel-sampel tanah pada pukul 8 pagi tadi untuk pengetesan di lab.) Past future continuous tense untuk membicarakan aksi yang diprediksi akan sedang berlangsung di masa lalu She had a feeling that the show wouldn’t be taking place smoothly at 7 p.m last week. (Dia merasa pertujukkan tersebut tidak akan berlangsung lancar jam 7 malam minggu kemarin.) My father thought the wind would be blowing hard by this time yesterday. (Ayah saya pikir angin akan sedang berhembus kencang pada saat ini kemarin.) Contoh kalimat Past future continous 1. I should be doing my home work at 7 last night. (Saya seharusnya sedang mengerjakan pekerjaan rumah saya pukul 7 malam tadi). 2. He would be doing the work at 9 this morning ( Dia seharusnya sedang bekerja pukul 9 pagi ini). 3. We should be eating when she came this noon. ( Kita harus makn ketika ia datang siang ini.) 4. By this time yesterday I should be playing tennis. ( Pada saat iuni kemarin saya harus bermain tenis.) 5. Farmers in Jati Bali would be growing rice crops at 9 a. M. Yesterday. (petani-petani di Jati Bali akan sedang menanam jam 9 pagi kemarin). 6. Some students were going to be conducting research on vegatative perbanyakan plant propagations . (Beberapa siswa akan sedang melakukan penelitian pada tanaman vegetatif.) 7. Transpiration would be starting to increase at 8 a. M. This morning. (Transpirasi akan sedang mulai meningkat jam 8 pagi ini.) D. Understanding Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Past future perfect continuous tense is a verb form to discuss action that would have lasted for a long time at a certain point in time in the past . Action on future perfect continuous tense past usually lasts a certain time . This is similar to the tense future perfect continuous tense , but the realization of future actions on past continuous tense can already be known now . D. Pengertian Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Past future perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja untuk membicarakan aksi yang akan telah berlangsung selama sekian lama pada titik waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Aksi pada past future perfect continuous tense biasanya berdurasi waktu tertentu. Tense ini mirip dengan future perfect continuous tense, namun realisasi dari aksi pada past future continuous tense sudah dapat diketahui sekarang. Formula Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Past future perfect continuous tense is formed with the auxiliary verb would , have , been and the present participle ( v1 - ing ) . In general, past future perfect continuous tense just happens to be a dynamic action verb , not stative verb because generally only verb that has a dynamic continuous form . [ Read : Stative Verb with Progressive Forms ] Thus the formula past tense to future perfect continuous positive sentence , negative , and interrogative is as follows . Rumus Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Past future perfect continuous tense dibentuk dengan auxiliary verb would, have, been dan present participle (v1-ing). Secara umum past future perfect continuous tense hanya terjadi pada aksi berupa dynamic verb, tidak stative verb karena umumnya hanya dynamic verb yang memiliki bentuk continuous. [Baca: Stative Verb dengan Bentuk Progressive] Dengan demikian rumus past future perfect continuous tense untuk kalimat positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut. Jenis Kalimat Rumus Contoh Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense positif (+) S + would + have + been + V1-ing/present participle I/you/she/he/it would have been driving They/we would have been working negatif (-) S + would + not + have + been + V1-ing/present participle I/you/she/he/it would not have been driving They/we would not have been working interogatif (?) Would + S + have + been + V1-ing/present participle Would I/you/she/he/it have been driving Would they/we have been working Examples of Future Past Perfect Continuous Tense Some examples of past sentences with the future perfect continuous tense functions are as follows . Contoh Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Beberapa contoh kalimat past future perfect continuous tense dengan fungsi-fungsinya adalah sebagai berikut. Fungsi Contoh Kalimat Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Past future perfect continuous tense untuk memberitahukan berapa lama suatu aksi akan sudah terjadi (period of time) atau sampai waktu tertentu di masa lampau. They would have been learning English grammar for two years by the end of last month. (Mereka akan telah belajar gramatika bahasa Inggris selama dua tahun pada akhir bulan lalu.) Nisa and her family would have been living at their new house by the end of this week last month. (Nisa dan keluargaya akan telah menempati rumah baru mereka akhir bulan ini pada tahun lalu.) By the time the supervisor arrived, the water would have been flowing out of tank X into tank Y at a constant rate. (Pada saat pengawas tiba, air akan telah mengalirdari tangki X ke dalam tangki Y dengan laju konstan. Past future perfect tense digunakan pada continuous unreal conditional sentence. Mirip dengan conditional sentence type 3 ‘biasa’, namun berbeda di bagian ‘result’ — tidak menggunakan past future perfect melainkan past future perfect continuous tense. Rumus: if + past perfect, past future perfect continuous tense If his visa had been approved, He would have been working abroad for a week. (Jika visa dia telah disetujui, dia akan telah bekerja selama seminggu.) Contoh kalimat past future perfect continous 1. My father would have been working there for 3 years, last year. (Ayah saya seharusnya sudah sedang bekerja disana selama 3 tahun pada tahun yang lalu.) 2. I should have been studying English here for 6 months, last month. (Saya harus telah mempelajari bahasa Inggris di sini selama 6 bulan pada bulan lalu.) 3. We should have been living in Jakarta for 7 year in 1985. (Kami harus telah tinggal di Jakarta untuk 7 bulan pada tahun 1985.) 4. She would have been teaching English for 2 years, last year. (Dia harus telah mengajar bahasa Inggris untuk 2 tahun pada tahun lalu.) 5. I thought i would have been at school only for 6 hours yesterday. 6. I was completely sure that on Agust 17, I would have lived in this house for 10 years sharp. 7. She never expected that she would have waited for her boyfriend for 2 hours last night.
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